The Ontario Human Rights Code (OHRC) makes it an offence to discriminate in the following areas: housing, contractual relations, employment, membership in unions and associations, goods, services and facilities.

The Ontario Human Rights Commission (Commission) works to promote and protect human rights through research, education, targeted legal action and policy development.

The Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario (Tribunal) deals with allegations of discrimination and harassment made under the Code in a fair and equitable manner, as soon as possible.

What are the prohibited grounds of discrimination? Race, ancestry, place of origin, colour, ethnic origin, citizenship, creed, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, age, marital status, family status or disability.

What are the time limits for filing a complaint? One year from the incident or, if there is ongoing discrimination, within one year of the last incident.

What is the procedure? Once you file a complaint, the Tribunal will review it and decide whether to accept or reject the complaint. The respondent will then have the opportunity to file a response to the application. The Tribunal will encourage voluntary mediation. If mediation fails, the matter will proceed to a hearing.

How do I file a complaint? The Human Rights Legal Support Centre provides legal assistance to people who have experienced discrimination. The Tribunal uses a SmartForm application and response system that allows complainants and respondents to submit their forms electronically. However, you may file forms with the Tribunal in person, by mail, by e-mail or by fax.

What compensation can you get? The Tribunal may decide to order monetary compensation to the victim; that the respondent take steps to prevent potential discrimination or the promotion of CDPO (human rights policies, training, etc.).

This content has been updated on 4 March 2023 at 11 h 06 min.